You will have to pay zakat on your proportionate ownership of the Zakatable assets of the companies in which you have invested. This is done by using the company balance sheets to work out roughly what the Zakatable assets are in each firm. If it is difficult for you to determine this then simply pay zakat on 20% of the total value of the portfolio.

Secondly if you are receiving dividends from those shares, then any residual dividends amount will also be added up to your Zakat calculation.
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