Q: What is the reason behind giving Zakat to the al-Masakin (the needy?)

A: As for al-Masakin, it is a meta-category which focuses on empowering those struggling in some form of poverty, affording them access to opportunities that lift them out of poverty and enable them to raise standards relative to their basic needs. It ensures that the basic necessities are met, gets the poor into work, or affords them access to capital that they can use for private enterprise. Hence, this meta-category looks at the poor from the perspective of societal contribution, seeking to lift them out of general poverty and afford them access to opportunities conducive to
overall economic growth. This meta-category facilitates a reasonable surplus in one’s budget,
allowing one to contribute to society as a Zakat payer.