National Zakat Foundation
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About the distribution of Zakat
Can Zakat be paid to non Muslims?
A: The majority of the scholars are in agreement that Zakat cannot be given to non Muslims. There is a category which Allah has mentioned in the Qu'ran which are "those whose hearts need to be reconciled". Some scholars are of the opinion that these can include non muslims to bring them to Islam, but the Hanafi school of jurisprudence are of the opinion t
Using Zakat fund to build a water well
A: If the water well is given into the ownership of the people who will benefit from it, then yes, Zakat will be valid in this way. And Allah knows best! Mufti Faraz Adam
Can I still give my Zakat abroad? Is it wrong if I do?
If the purpose of Zakat is solely to help the poor and needy, then it makes sense to give Zakat abroad due to the extent of poverty abroad. However, all acts of worship, including Zakat, are to bring us closer to God – as individuals and a community. We can only achieve this communal purpose of Zakat if it is: primarily distributed locally and holistically, to individuals in hardship, for Muslim community development and for advocacy for Islam and Muslims. Many scholars recommend that Zakat sho
Using Zakat to pay off the debt of a parent
Q: Just wanted to know if it is permissible for me to use my Zakat to pay towards my fathers mortgage. I read that you can pay towards a relatives debts as you are not obliged to pay that but wasn't sure if parents came under that. A: According to the Hanafi school of jurisprudence, a person cannot give Zakat to anyone among his parents or children irrespective as to whether they may qualify for Zakat or not. If the children are able to earn, then it is their responsibility to support thei
What family members are entitled to my Zakat?
Q: What family members are entitled to my Zakat? I have family members back home in Nigeria that I know will benefit from some form financial assistance. Please kindly clarify as much as possible. A: You can give your Zakat to all your family members beside the ascendants and descendants i.e. you can't give it to your parents grand parents great grand parents etc and you can't give it to your children grand children etc. And Allah knows best! Mufti Billal Omarjee
I usually give my Zakat abroad, why should I give it here in the UK?
The situation for Islam and Muslims in the UK is critical. It is common for people growing up in secular Britain, especially the young, to drift away, to identify as Muslims culturally but to be less spiritually committed to Islam. 50% of Muslim households are in poverty compared to 18% for the population overall. Within the UK, young Muslims are excluded, discriminated against, or failed, at all stages of their transition from education to employment. We have the power to change the situation.
Who can collect Zakat?
Choosing Zakat workers To collect Zakat, an individual must be: A Muslim. Sane and mature. Trustworthy, righteous and honest so that the rights of the poor are not neglected. Have a general and complete knowledge of Zakat rulings and regulations. Efficiency and performance. Other people can be entrusted to give Zakat on your behalf. They then become the Zakat distributor for you. The obligation is not fulfilled until the distributor has distributed the Zakat.
Zakat to a hospital for the treatment of poor patients
Q: Can you give Zakat to a hospital in Pakistan for the treatment of poor patients who need medical eye treatments and surgery such as cataract surgery or corneal transplants. The treatment for patients is free of charge. Some of the Zakat funds that are collected by the hospital will be used to pay the salaries of the surgeons, anaesthetists, nurses and even administrators - these are legitimate costs associated with delivering the free service to the patients. A: The hospital cannot colle
Zakat to someone who is in debt but can afford to go on holidays
Q: I have relatives in UK who are in debt. But at the same time they are also splashing out on holidays etc, instead of paying off their debt. Should i still give them my Zakat? Jazakumullah Khair A: In theory, a person in debt can receive Zakat. You have the ultimate discretion of choosing where your Zakat goes. And Allah knows best! Mufti Faraz Adam
How much Zakat should be distributed?
Equal distribution amongst categories Majority of the schools of Fiqh view that distribution of Zakat does not need to cover all the categories above. However, some scholars view that when there are plenty of funds and deserving people in all categories above, distribution of Zakat must serve all of these. How much Zakat to give There are two opinions on this matter: An individual should be given enough for him and his family and those under his care for a year - in accordance to t
As a parent can they give Zakat to their child to stop them getting student loan?
No, a parent can't give Zakat to their child to stop them from student loan. What you can do is instead give Zakat to your nephew or neice for their student loan and ask other family members to assist pay the tuition fees of your son/daughter with Zakat funds. And Allah knows best! Mufti Faraz Adam
Why do we need to distribute Zakat in the UK when we have an established welfare system?
The purpose of Zakat is to enable Islam to flourish as intended: as a real commitment to God that inspires believers to strive for prosperity, harmony and justice for all. Supporting the poor and needy is a key component of this, but not the only element. There are two aspects which work together to achieve the purpose: Individual support. (the majority of NZF’s work) 50% of Muslim households are in poverty compared to 18% for the population overall. Under the welfare system, application p
Spending Zakat fund on behalf of someone instead of giving them ownership of the fund
Q: I wish to understand the distribution process for Zakat. In particular, does the beneficiary need to receive the monetary amount or could I spend the money on their behalf for their benefit, for example ,on medicine/healthcare or water pump or building a house for them. A: For Zakat to be valid, it is necessary to give something of monetary value in the ownership of the needy. By merely providing services without giving anything of value to the needy in the ownership is insufficient for
Zakat to someone who wants to study abroad
Q: Please help me by suggesting whether Zakat will be permissible to someone who wants to go for higher studies in a foreign land and his father's only earning is a flat which has been rented out and they live in a relatives' house. JazakAllah. A: If that person has net wealth below the Nisab (approx £260) or is in debt with a net that takes him below the Nisab, he may receive Zakat funds. And Allah knows best1 Mufti Faraz Adam
Waiving debts as payments of Zakat
A: It is not permissible to waive the debt that someone owes you instead of making a Zakat
Criteria to determine if a poor person is eligible for Zakat
A: The opinion of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence is that Zakat is given to to someone whose Zakatable assets are below the nisab value whilst also not having any surplus assets i.e. extra house, extra car, extra mobile etc. According to the other schools i.e. Malikis, Shafi'is and Hanbalis, someone without enough wealth to pay for necessities of life, is eligible to receive Zakat. This is irrespective of th
Why can't Zakat be given to non-Muslims?
Q: Why can't we give Zakat to help non-Muslims? A: The majority of scholars agree that Zakat is to be paid and received by Muslims only. Zakat is subject to many rules when it comes to its discharge and distribution. For example, according to the Hanafi school of jurisprudence, a child who is wealthy is not required to pay Zakat. Similarly, a person cannot give Zakat to his parents or children etc. Another example is that one cannot use Zakat money to cook some meals to feed the poor people. H
Should a poor person know they are receiving Zakat?
A: The 4 schools of jurisprudence are in agreement that it is not necessary to inform a recipient they are receiving Zakat when an amount is donated to them. In fact, some of the scholars such as Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal (ra) disliked it if you tell a poor person the money given to them is Zakat. And Allah knows best! Mufti Billal Omarjee
Giving Zakat to someone who is able to work
A: Yes, it is permissible for you to give them Zakat in this situation. This is the opinion of the Hanafi and the Maliki schools of jurisprudence.
Giving a fridge instead of Zakat money to a recipient
A: Yes you can do that. Please see link below: Paying Zakat in forms other than cash
Paying Zakat in forms other than cash
Q: Can I buy a bike with my Zakat money for a recipient, instead of me giving them cash? A: According to the Hanafi school of jurisprudence, it is permissible to give Zakat in forms other than cash, provided that the value of the item is equal to the amount of Zakat that person would have to pay. This is NZF’s position too. The Malikis don’t allow for anything other than cash to be given to a recipient as Zakat. Imam Malik (ra) was asked about it and ruled against it. The Shafi's are of t
Paying Zakat in instalments for the benefit of a poor person
A: The general rule according to the 4 schools of jurisprudence, is that the Zakat payment should not be delayed unless the payer has a valid reason to do so. The main reason to spread Zakat out in this way, is because the payer cannot afford to pay in a lump sum. Otherwise, it is not encouraged to pay in instalments becaus
Zakat to pay a cousin's debt
A: If your cousin's net zakatablewealth (i.e. zakatable asset - current liabilities due within 1 year) is below the nissab, then you can give him your Zakat to help him pay off his debt. And Allah knows best! Mufti Billal Omarjee
Paying the debt of a sibling with Zakat
A: If she is eligible to receive Zakat then yes. Please see the links below for more information: What family members are entitled to my Zakat? Zakat to help someone pay his debt off [Criteria to determine if a poor person is eligible
Zakat to help someone pay his debt off
A: Yes you can help her if she is eligible to receive Zakat in the first place see link. The other school of jurisprudence i.e. the Malikis, Shafi'is and Hanbalis have also added a condition; that the nature of the debt must Islamically lawful. Hence according to them, if the debt was incur